Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but
not a mixture of both). Use decimal points (not commas); use a space for thousands
(10 000 and above). We only accept manuscripts in English language.
Length of paper
3000-8000 words are preferred. .
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.
Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation
addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations
with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in
front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation,
the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.
Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing
and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers are provided
in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150 words). The abstract
should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major
conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must
be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential,
they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, avoiding general
and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing
with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should
be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included
in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do
not just refer to 'the text.' Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 600
words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense
The text size of formula should be similar with normal text size and should be clearly
The text size of formula should be similar with normal text size.
Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference
list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal
communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the
text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author
names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web
references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different
heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically
if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must
be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing
a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59.
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York:
Macmillan, (Chapter 4).
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your
article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age
(pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.
The official language of the conference is English.
Department of Economics.
Arrangements for the visits will be made for the guests to the following places
in Islamabad, Pakistan.